The prong setting is by far the most common setting for a ring out of many others. Prong settings allow more light to shine through the gemstone from more directions for maximum brilliance. A prong setting is generally a basket formed with three, four, or six individual metal prongs sitting on top of the ring shank. The metal prongs extend over the gemstone and secure it after the metal tips are bent down.
Why is prong setting so beloved? This kind of setting offers a simple, sleek shape yet allows light to shine through the gemstone. Many times, when it comes to the engagement ring, we do the best we can to showcase the lustrous of each gemstone, especially with larger carat stones (more light means more brilliance). And that is when the prong setting takes its place.
Jewelers can use prong settings in almost any gemstone shape, which includes round, oval, marquise cut, emerald cut, princess cut, pear-shaped, heart shape, trillion cut, or irregular shape. To further decorate it, we have the option of making the prongs into a regular round prong, tiger claw prong, or double claw prong.
Here is a little behind the scene working process for a prong setting. A notch/seat will first be cut out with a setting burr on each prong for the stone to set on. After the stone is placed in the correct position, the top metal tip will then press down with a flat heat plier or pushing tool to lock the stone in place. And all that is left to do is polish the entire ring.
When it comes to maintenance, prongs might become loose or worn out over time. It is a good idea to have your ring checked regularly (usually once every six months for check) to avoid any accident happening. You can also check for loose prongs by shanking your ring gently close to your ear. If you hear a slight rattle sound, the stone is probably loose. It is an excellent time to seek help from the experts.